Amazing Thailand : History of Emerald Buddha

posted on 06 Mar 2013 22:21 by cool-stuff-online directory Asian, Fashion

Emerald Buddha in Wat Phra Kaeo

     * Emerald Buddha* –"Phra Kaeo Morakot", or official name พระพุทธมหามณีรัตนปฏิมากร => "Phra Phuttha Maha Mani Rattana Patimakon" is Very Famous of the Kingdom of Thailand and Very Well-known in the World. Phra Kaeo Morakot is a figurine of the sitting Buddha made of Green jadeite rather than emerald clothed in Gold, and Tall about 45 cm. It is kept in the Very Famous Place and Very Well-known in the Grand Palace. (Wat Phra Kaew in Bangkok, Thailand)

   

     According to the Legend, the Emerald Buddha was created in India in 43 BC by Nagasena in the city of Pataliputra (today's Patna). The legends state that after remaining in Pataliputra for three hundred years, it was taken to Sri Lanka to save it from a civil war. In 457, King Anuruth of Burma sent a mission to Ceylon to ask for Buddhist scriptures and the Emerald Buddha, in order to support Buddhism in his country.  

         These requests were granted, but the ship lost its way in a storm during the return voyage and landed in Cambodia. When the Thais captured Angkor Wat in 1432 the Emerald Buddha was taken to Ayutthaya, Kamphaeng Phet, Laos and finally Chiang Rai, where the ruler of the city hid it.      

       Cambodian historians recorded capture of the Buddha statue in their famous"Preah Ko Preah Keo" legend. However, some art historians describe the Emerald Buddha as belonging to the Chiang San Style of the 15th century AD, which would mean it is actually of Lannathai Origin.

     

 Historical sources indicate that the statue surfaced in Northern Thailand in the LannaThai Kingdom in 1434. One account of its discovery tells that lightning struck a pagoda in a temple in Chiang Rai, after which, something became visible beneath the stucco.  

        The Buddha was dug out, and the people believed the figurine to be made of emerald, hence its name.  According to a less fanciful explanation, "emerald" here simply means "green coloured" in Thai.

             King Sam Fang Kaen of Lannathai wanted it in his capital,Chiang Mai, but the elephant carrying it insisted, on three separate occasions, on going instead to Lampang. This was taken as a divine sign and the Emerald Buddha stayed in Lampang until 1468, when it was finally moved to Chiang Mai, where it was kept at Wat Chedi Luang.

      The Emerald Buddha remained in Chiang Mai until 1552, when it was taken to Luang Prabang, then the capital of the Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang. Some years earlier, the crown prince of Lan Xang Setthathirath had been invited to occupy the vacant throne of Lannathai.

       However, Prince Setthathirath also became king of Lan Xang when his father, Photisarath, died. He returned home, taking the revered Buddha figure with him. In 1564, King Setthathirath moved it to his new capital at Vientiane.

           In 1779, the Thai General Chao Phraya Chakri put down an insurrection, captured Vientiane and returned the Emerald Buddha to Siam, taking it with him to Thonburi. After he became KingRama I of Thailand, he moved the Emerald Buddha with great ceremony to its current home in Grand Palace (Wat Phra Kaew on 22 March 1784 ) in the Main Building of the Temple ,the "Ubosoth.

 *See More about Emerald Buddha in the Jewelry of Pendant made from Real 18K Gold

Credit by : Thailand Amazing Amulet

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